Banja Luka is the largest city of the Republika Srpska entity and second largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina after the capital Sarajevo. Traditionally, it has been the center of the Bosanska Krajina region, located in the northwestern part of the country. It is home of the University of Banja Luka, as well as numerous state and entity institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The city lies on the River Vrbas and is well known in the countries of the former Yugoslavia for being full of tree-lined avenues, boulevards, gardens, and parks.
The area around Banja Luka is mostly woodland, although there are mountains a little further from the city. The city itself is built in the Banja Luka valley, which is located at the transition between high and low mountain areas. The most notable of these mountains are Manjača (1,214 meters), Čemernica (1,338 meters), and Tisovac. These are all part of the Dinaric Alps mountain range.
The symbol of Banja Luka
Banja Luka is the largest town on the river Vrbas, Vrbas and is one of its basic symbols. Towards the south, Vrbas creates a fantastic canyon in which there is a series of natural rarities. Rapids, waterfalls, cascades, beaches, surrounding rocks, and the wealth of flora and fauna make this area special. The specificity of this river is also of Banja Luka boat Dayak which is named after the pole, which is used for pushing the boat.
Vrbas river is known also because held every year in the competition rafting.
Kastel Fortress one of the symbols of Banja Luka
Kastel Fortress is located in Banja Luka and is one of the oldest buildings in Bosnia and Herzegovina. There is little information about who and when built Kastel but by many estimates fortress, Kastel is most likely built by the Romans in the 3rd century, although some findings claim that the fortress was built later, ie. In the 9th century BC.
The fortress was surrounded on all sides by stone walls, on which were raised loopholes and watchtowers, which says that in the past was a very strong military fortress.
The total area of the complex Kastel is 48,000 square meters, of which within the ramparts 26,610 square meters, and the outside walls around 21,390 square meters. Walls make nine bastions and two drops of the tower within the walls. Within the walls, there are several buildings, including the central camp with two towers and a small arsenal, a central arsenal, so-called. The stone building, and many different walls that divided and formed certain internal areas.