In the last few years, goji berries have lightly won the European and American markets. They come from the Himalayas where they already know them for centuries and use them as an ingredient not only in many recipes but also in medicine because of their excellent qualities. Small goji berries are one of the most powerful plants in the world.
Goji (Lycium barbarum) is a shrub growing 1 to 3 m in height, blooms from June to September, and fruits grow in early August to October. Then the plant decayed so that the shrub shakes the fruit off. The fruits are long brown-red berries, 1 to 2 centimeters long, which you can eat raw or dried. Taste reminds of raisins. You can plant goji herbs in your garden or orchard.
Goji berries people still call red diamonds or happy berries, because people who consume them regularly feel good and good moods. They give body strength, endurance, vitality and affect the long and healthy life. Daily it is necessary to consume 10 to 30 grams to achieve an effect.
Goji berries are rich in antioxidants, amino acids, and essential fatty acids. They also resemble envious quantities of many other compounds, which is why they are considered superfood. It is in the first place in the US ORAC scale (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity – a scale that measures antioxidant capacity, or antioxidant value of food). According to this scale, Goji Berries have 25,300 units, and the first fruits, which are generally considered to be strong antioxidants, are of ‘all’ 12,500 and 5,770 units of plums! They have an extremely high level of vitamin C, iron and many other nutrients.
Goji berries contain:
19 amino acids (of which 8 are essential)
21 trace minerals, including anticancer germanium
more protein than whole wheat (13%)
more vitamin C than the orange
vitamin B complex necessary for converting food into energy
Vitamin E (rarely found in fruit, mainly in seeds and cereals)
ciperon, which uses heart and blood pressure and also alleviates female problems
solvete, a powerful anti-bacterial, and antibacterial compound
physaline, an active compound that protects against leukemia and hepatitis B
Betain also reduces the risk of infarction and protects DNA. Complete range of antioxidant carotenoids, including beta-carotene (better carrot source) and zeaxanthin (protect the eyes). This makes goji berries the richest source of beta-carotene of all known foods.
Beta-sitosterol is also used to lower cholesterol, treat sexual ailments and increase prostate. Essential fatty acids needed to maintain hormone production, good functioning of the brain and the nervous system.
Beta-sitosterol is also used to lower cholesterol, treat sexual ailments and increase prostate.
Protect your skin from sun
Australian experts have found that juice containing just five percent of goji berries reduces inflammatory edema when it comes to burns due to excessive exposure to sunlight, thus protecting against developing skin cancer. “Many goji berries can become important in preventing skin cancer in humans,” concluded Dr. Vivienne Reeve of the University of Sydney.
Good for eye health
Likewise, research at the University of Kansas has shown that goji berries have the potential to repair retina damage. This fruit, which has not yet gained so much popularity in our regions, but has been a frequent subject of much scientific research lately, can reduce the oxidative stress that is happening to the eye due to Type 2 diabetes.
Boosted immune system
When it comes to immunity, it should be noted that goji berries contain a polysaccharide that has the properties of immune enhancement just like echinacea and some fungi due to a similar chemical structure. These polysaccharides supply the immune cells of the human body with a special shape of sugar, which enables them to better communicate. Studies have shown that just goji berry polysaccharides can help in the rapid growth of the entire immune system and enhance the work of antioxidant enzymes, which help to speed up the body’s detoxification.
Their role in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, memory problems, headache, eating-related depression, dizziness, stress, anxiety, and concentration improvement has been noted. They strengthen hair and nails, raise energy levels, strengthen circulation, and reduce chronic or acute fatigue.
They alleviate pain due to inflammation and pain in the joints and muscles and back pain, as well as chronic dry cough, respiratory tract infections, and asthma. How consumption of goji berries reduces the desire for sweet meals and foods to help with weight loss. It is important to note that people who take diabetes-related medicines, blood pressure regulation, or blood clotting recommend that you consult with your doctor before eating berries.
Apart from nutritional value, goji berries also have an extremely positive effect on the skin. They act as natural antioxidants because they contain effective vitamins and minerals, and reactivate skin’s ability to naturally recover from fatigue and stress. For this reason, they are ideal for wrestling wrinkles as well as for removing gray skin.
Before you add goji berries to your diet
Always talk to your doctor before you begin eating goji berries. Some companies may say they have fewer side effects than medications. But goji berries can interact with any medications you’re currently taking.
You should avoid adding goji berries to your diet if you:
have low blood sugar
are using blood thinners such as warfarin
have low or high blood pressure
are breastfeeding or pregnant (can cause miscarriage)
are allergic to the fruit
One-fourth cup of goji berries also fulfills 340 percent of your intake for vitamin A. You may want to limit how much you eat to reduce the risk of vitamin A toxicity.
How to use goji berries
Most supermarkets sell dried goji berries prepackaged and in the bulk section. You can also find them fresh. Treat them like raisins or fresh berries. Mix them into your breakfast cereal or yogurt, add them to your trail mix, or drink it as juice or tea.
Goji berries also taste great cooked with lean pork or turkey, adding a savory sweetness to hearty dishes. Plus, their vitamin C content also will help your body absorb the meat’s iron.
Eating two or more servings of fruit a day is usually recommended for optimum health benefits.
Be sure to buy your goji berries from a reputable source, even though they tend to be expensive. Cheaper or imported brands have been known to contain sulfites. Sulfites can cause an allergic reaction in some people.
Goji berries are generally considered safe for most people. Although some people report mild digestive issues when they first starting eating them. This can be a common side effect. If you have any chronic digestive or gastrointestinal issues, ask your doctor before using goji berries as a remedy.