What Are Plums?
They are juicy and delicious fruits that belong to the genus Prunus of the Rosaceae family which also includes peaches, apricots, and nectarines. They exist in diverse colors and shapes with over 2000 different varieties.
Plums are broadly divided into three groups: European-Asian (Prunus domestica), Japanese (Prunus salicina) and Damson (Prunus insititia). China is the leading harvester of plums, followed by the United States, Serbia, and Romania.
Within the US, the major production of plums happens in California. Along with the hand-picked, fresh variety, plums can also be dried or canned. These fruits are then referred to as prunes.
They are small deciduous trees which grow to a height of about 10-15 meters and bear fruits with different characteristics based on the country of origin. Drupes or stone fruits with a smooth pit and a crease running down on one side.
Contain juicy pulp varying from creamy yellow to crimson red. The color of the outer skin may vary considerably from yellow or dark red to purple or black.
The health benefits of plums include relief from indigestion, influenza infections, and anxiety-related problems. The antioxidant power of these fruits helps in treating osteoporosis, macular degeneration, cancer, diabetes, and obesity.
They also help in maintaining a healthy heart by reducing cholesterol levels. Additionally, plums improve cognition, boost immunity, improve cellular health, maintain electrolyte balance. Keep the nervous system healthy, and aid in skin care and blood clotting.
They are known as a natural multivitamin, but many of us do not have the habit to eat them regularly. However, they are so healthy, you might change your mind. When you hear what just five plum a day can do for your body.
One plum contains 84 percent water, 0.6 percent protein, 10 percent carbohydrates, 2.1 grams of fiber. In addition, they have low levels of fat and calories and a high percentage of vitamins A, C and E, calcium, magnesium, and potassium.
What effect on the organism has this powerful fruit if you eat five plum a day?
Reduces blood sugar
Plums are associated with low glucose index, which means it can help to control blood sugar and reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Improves eye health
Plums are very important for eye health. Phytonutrients found in plums can reduce the risk of the occurrence of macular degeneration, or macula, a disease that affects mainly the elderly.
Researchers from the University of Florida and Oklahoma are 12 months they tested two groups of postmenopausal women. One group was eating 100 grams of prunes per day (about 10 prunes), and the other was eating 100 grams of dried apples.
Both groups consumed the calcium and vitamin D supplements. The results showed that the group that ate dried plums had a significantly higher bone density in the spine and forearm.
Keeps the digestive system
Prunes are a great way to speed up digestion. One way to eat them throughout the year is to soak the prunes in freshly boiled water, cool and freeze.
Protects your heart
One fresh plum, on average contains 113 mg of potassium. This mineral helps control high blood pressure, thereby reducing the risk of stroke.
If you eat five plum a day, you will help the body to get rid of the negative effects of free radicals that badly affect our memory and memory.
Plums are effective in curing irregular menstruation and detoxifying the digestive system. They contain calcium, which is valuable for maintaining dental health. According to Ayurvedic medicine, plums possess cooling properties which help in pacifying excess heat in the body.
Add some plums to your diet and enjoy all the health benefits!